Seal Web: Your Guide to Interactive Mapping in the Examination of our Mammal Friends Throughout Our Region

Standards Help Education

Each Author Has a Different Perspective, But The Same Goal




Geographic Principles  




Teaching Units


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New York State - Bureaucratically closest to the local school districts, teacher, and students.
a. Age Groups - 3 general groups: Elementary, Intermediate, and Commencement
b. Topics - 5 Physical Setting and 7 Living Environment topics on Science as a portion of 7 Integrated Math, Science and Technology standards

National Resource Council - 3 age groups; 7 science topics
a. Age Groups - K-4, 5-8, and 9-12
b. Topics - Inquiry, Physical, Life, Earth and Space, Technology, Social Perspectives, History

Association for the Advancement of Science - 4 age groups, 12 topics, subtopics
a. Age Groups - K-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12
b. Topics - Science, Math, Technology, Physical, Living, Human as Organism, Humans in Society, A Designed World, A Math World, History, Commonalities, Human Mind; each with subtopics

National Council for Geographic Education - no age divisions, 18 topics on 6 essential elements of Geography
a. Spatial Maps - organizing spatial information for analysis
b. Places and Regions - physical characteristics and human perceptions for grouping
c. Physical Systems - processes and human movements
d. Human Systems - ecosystems, culture, economics, cooperation and conflict,change
e. Environment and Society - society in a physical world of resources
f. Uses of Geography - interpret the past, predict and plan the future

Ocean Literacy - An Effort to Include the Oceans in our Understanding of the Planet.



New York State




Ocean Literacy




Copyright 2010, David Stolarz, Graduate Center of The City University of New York Program in Interactive Technology and Pedagogy, 08/15/2010, Supported by the National Science Foundation GK-12 Fellows Program